Sorry it’s been so long between posts. Wrapping up the end of the year was CRAZY! I’ve recently started a new job in the Special Ed department of the Region 15 Education Service Center. I will be working primarily with access to the General Ed curriculum and accountability. During my first week, Region 15 was hosting their second annual Autism Conference. There were some GREAT presenters! The objective of this post is to share information and resources gained during this conference.
REMEMBER: Just because the conference was geared toward Autism does not mean this info applies only to Autistic children. Every child is difference and these strategies would apply to many kids, no matter their label!
I set in on a presentation called “Practical Strategies for Teaching Students with ASD: focus on HFA & Asperger Syndrome”. It was presented by Dr. Lori Ernsperger, Ph.D., BCBA-D. You can find more information about her on her website www.loriernsperger.com
It’s important to remember that teachers are required by law, No Child Left Behind and IDEA, to use research based practices and strategies. As a teacher I didn’t always know what this meant or where to find these researched based strategies. http://autismpdc.fpg.unc.edu/content/briefs this link takes you to The National Professional Development Center on ASD. Here you can find specific info for over 24 Research Based strategies for students with Autism. Below are links to the specific strategies.
- Antecedent-Based Interventions (ABI)
- Computer-Aided Instruction
- Differential Reinforcement
- Discrete Trial Training
- Functional Behavior Assessment
- Functional Communication Training
- Naturalistic Intervention
- Parent-Implemented Intervention
- Peer-Mediated Instruction and Intervention
- Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS)
- Pivotal Response Training
- Response Interruption/Redirection
- Social Narratives
- Social Skills Groups
- Speech Generating Devices/VOCA
- Structured Work Systems
- Task Analysis
- Time Delay
- Video Modeling
- Visual Supports
You can also watch training modules at www.autisminternetmodules.org These are free modules on an array of topics.
Dr. Lori really stressed the ABC’s of behavior. If you’ve had any training in behavior you know these, antecedent, behavior, and consequence. If you can pin point what is “triggering” a behavior you have a better chance of changing that behavior.
It’s also important that you give replacement behaviors. Simply telling a child to “stop” without giving them a replacement behavior will not help change the behavior.
Dr. Lori also stressed the importance of teaching social skills to ALL of our student, but especially those with Autism. She explained it in a way that will make sense to any educator. If you have a student walk into your class who can’t read, you teach them to read. If they can’t add and subtract, you teach them to add and subtract. But for some reason when they lack social skills or social thinking we do nothing about it. This has to change. But you need a plan for teaching social skills. It’s easy and can be done using VERY little class time. (As little as 5 minutes a day) But you need some resources. www.socialthinking.com has some great resource for teaching social skills. There is also a post on this blog and a page dedicated to social skills. Take a look and get some FREE resources.
Below are some addition resource that I found helpful. I look forward to posting more ideas and resources as I learn. Enjoy your summer!